Three common species of moth that we see as pests in the home are the clothes moth, the brown house moth and the white-shouldered house moth. They feed on materials containing wool or woven fibres, fur and feathers, and even fertilisers, causing physical damage as well as contamination.
What is the difference between these moths?
The clothes moth is the smallest of the three moths, being pale beige or straw coloured. There are no spots or marks on the wings. Clothes moths do not often fly; they tend to move by running or occasionally jumping.
The brown house moths are mottled and darker than the clothes moths, commonly found in food stores and homes. They prefer kitchens, bedrooms, bathrooms and any place where adequate food supplies can be found.
The white shouldered house moth is paler than the brown house moth, but can be distinguished from the clothes moth by its obvious white head and “shoulders”. These moths do not often feed on fabrics, but they are attracted to dust and debris that is collected under carpets.
Do they cause any harm?
Moth larvae (caterpillars or grubs) can cause damage to clothes and carpets. The larvae are usually creamy white with a darker head. The mother has a four-stage life cycle: egg, larva, pupa and adult. The larval stage can last up to six months, but adult moths only live for two to three weeks. Adult female moths lay their eggs amongst fibres which will form the food for the larvae when they hatch before forming a pupa.
What attracts them?
Moths are attracted to woollen fabrics, and carpets stained with food, perspiration or urine.
Call Masons Pest Control now for free advice on moths, or to book a qualified pest control technician to deal with your moth problem quickly and safely.